Landscape and Garden Design: All You Need to Know

Landscape and garden design involves the decorative and development planting of gardens, grounds, parks, yards and some other kinds of areas. As a matter of fact, landscape and garden design are used to improve the settings for public areas and buildings as well as in parks and recreational areas. It is basically a decorative art, and is allied to horticulture, city planning and architecture.

Front Yard Landscaping

The vegetated landscape which covered most of the continents of the Earth before humans started to build still infrastructures and penetrates even the biggest metropolises. Aside from that, efforts to design gardens and landscapes and to develop and preserve green open spaces in and around the cities are efforts to keep contact with the rural landscape. Designed landscapes and gardens, by filling the open spaces in cities, make a spontaneous space between the open rural landscapes and the structural urban landscapes.

In addition to that, designed landscapes and gardens have a special kind of continuity in time. Sculptures, paintings, and buildings may survive longer compared to specific plants however, the constant cyclical change and growth of plants give a continuous time dimension which static sculpture and structures cannot achieve.

Concerns and Functions of a Landscape and Garden Design – Aspects of a Landscape Architecture

A front yard landscaping and garden design an essential part however, all of these are done perfectly and accordingly by a professional and licensed landscape architect. Land architecture includes environmental planning, urban design, master planning, land planning and site planning. Site planning is a method which involves plans for certain developments in which accurate arrangements of vegetation, water features, topography, landscape elements, utilities, roadways and buildings are displayed.

Land planning, on the other hand, is for bigger-scale developments which involve subdivisions into many or several parcels, including analyses of landscape and land, feasibility studies for social, political, ecological, technical and economic constraints as well as detailed site plans if necessary. Master planning is actually for land use, development and conservation at still bigger scales which involve comprehensive areas or landscape topographical units or comprehensive systems like drainage, water, park-recreation, and open space, utilities or transportation.

Urban design is the designing and planning of the open-spaced parts of urbanized areas. It also involves working with professional and licensed landscape architects on the building designs, engineers on the utility and traffic patterns, industrial and graphic designers on street furniture, lightings and signs, planners on the entire land circulation and use, sociologists on social needs, desires and feasibility and economists on economic feasibility.

Environmental planning is basically for urbanized or natural places, or substantial regions within, in which the effect of the development upon natural and land systems, their needs for conservation and preservation, or their capacity to sustain and carry development are exhaustively analyzed and developed as hindrances to urban master and design, site and land planning. Within the body of comprehensive survey, design, planning, analysis and study of the continuous landscape, garden and environment design represents precise and detailed implementation and refinement of all previous plans.